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甘南低碳生态小城镇规划的适宜性技术与方法

黄 梅,段德罡,黄 晶,王 瑾   2016/7/20 11:40:41
 

【摘 要】当前我国低碳生态城镇建设缺乏针对西北地区小城镇客观现实的规划控制引导与适宜的技术方法措施。文章以甘南小城镇为研究对象,通过对城镇特质及碳排放特征的分析,借鉴国内外相关研究理论与方法,遵循“低技术、低投入”原则,提出基于气候环境利用的城镇空间规划设计和基于绿色建材推广的地域乡土建筑建造是实现甘南小城镇低碳生态目标的关键策略,进而立足规划实践,结合城乡规划编制体系,在各规划层面建立“目标—要素—方法”导向的规划控制体系,分别从区域规划、总体规划、控制性详细规划、修建性详细规划及城市设计层面提出适宜甘南低碳生态小城镇的规划编制技术与方法。
[关键词]低碳生态小城镇;技术;方法;气候环境;甘南
[文章编号]1006-0022(2016)07-0081-06 [中图分类号]TU984 [文献标识码]B

Suitable Technology And Method In Eco-low Carbon Town Planning, Gannan/Huang Mei, Duan Degang, Huang Jing, Wang Jin
[Abstract] China’s Eco-low carbon town planning is lacking of the control and suitable technology or method to northwest region. The paper took Gannan as an example,analyzed characteristic of town and its carbon emission, referenced those research theories and methods from China and abroad, followed the “low-technology, low-input”principle, put forward the key methods of Eco-low carbon town building are urban spatial planning and design based on the climatic environment, and vemacular architecture based on green building material. Than, combined the planning practice and planning formulation system, the paper constructed the “goal-element-method”control system, proposed the formulation technology and method of Gannan Eco-low carbon town planning on regional plan, master plan, regulatory plan, site plan, and urban design levels.
[Key words] Eco-low carbon town, Technology, Method, Climatic environment, Gannan

0引言

      在人类社会大规模的城镇化进程中,引发了交通堵塞、环境污染及能耗增加等系列“城市病”,全球正面临着气候变化和资源环境的巨大压力[1]。我国众多具有独特地域文化的乡镇也因此受到冲击,重蹈城市高耗能发展的覆辙,陷入特色缺失的困境。为了有效缓解这些问题,党的“十八大”以来,我国开始推进“生态文明”建设,强调集约、智能、绿色、低碳、健康的城镇发展模式。仇保兴指出,低碳生态模式是我国城镇转型发展的趋势,是实施生态文明战略的重要举措[2]。

 

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